Here is a guide that will show you how to install CCSM (CompizConfig Settings Manager) and how to enable some of the desktop effects.
I will show you how to enable the desktop cube and wobbly windows. Please note that enabling the cube and/or the effects can slow down your system.
First you need to install the compizconfig-settings-manager and the compiz-plugins-extra packages. To install the packages open a terminal window (press Ctrl+Alt+T) and copy+paste the following line:
sudo apt-get install compizconfig-settings-manager compiz-plugins-extra -y
When the packages are installed you can close the terminal window.
To enable the effects you can use CCSM, to open CCSM press the Dash Home key (the key with the Windows logo) and type: cssm
To enable the desktop cube follow the steps below.
Click on the General Options button
Select Desktop Size tab
Set Horizontal Virtual Size to 4
Click on the Back button
Disable the Desktop Wall
Enable Desktop Cube
Enable Rotate Cube
Enable Cube Reflection and Deformation
To enable Wobbly windows follow the steps below.
Disable Snapping Windows (you can find this in the Window Management section)
Enable Wobbly Windows
If you want to change the window animations you can click on the Animations button in the Effects section. Here you can change the effects for opening, closing, (un)minimize and the shade animations. Click on the tabs to change the effects.